Iron Curtain: The Crushing of Eastern Europe 1944-56
Angela Hunt, BA MA DELE MIR
Eastern Europe is where Nazism and Soviet communism clashed. Hitler had always wanted to fight a war of destruction against the USSR, and after Hitler’s invasion Stalin promised the same. Of all the different kinds of damage wrought by the Second World War the hardest to quantify is the psychological and emotional damage. Between 1945 and 1953 the Soviet Union radically transformed Central Europe. By the early 1950s all the grey, war-damaged capitals of the ‘ancient states’ of the region and the cult of Stalin was observed across the region. At the time the phrase ‘Iron Curtain’ seemed much more than a metaphor: walls, fences and barbed wire literally separated Eastern Europe from the West.